Being in Australia could give you a thrilling experience as you encounter a varied range of unique animals. Being a home of different kinds of bizarre animals, visiting Australia not only gives you a chance to see the famous animals ever penned but also enables you to gain new experience, learning about animals you never thought existed, some of which are considered as endangered species.
Examples of such animals are dingo, echidna, wallaby, kangaroo, platypus, Inland taipan, sugar glider, and macrotis among others. Our sieved list draws your attention to top 10 unique animals in Australia.
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1. Sugar Glider
Sugar gliders are fantastic pets especially if you take your time to understand their needs prior to acquiring them. These small, cute, and unique exotic pets are of unique personality traits. In addition to demanding a special diet, sugar gliders also require sufficient space and a lot of attention.
They are capable of living up to 14 years in captivity. It is a common practice that young sugar gliders begin life off in the pouches of their mothers just as it does with kangaroos. Even though they closely relate to the flying squirrels, they are classified as marsupials. The wild sugar gliders are found in Indonesia, New Guinea, and Australia where they live at the top of trees.
2. Tasmanian Devil
The Tasmanian devil is scientifically known as Sarcophilus harrisii. It is categorized as a stocky carnivorous marsupial. It has weak hindquarters, heavy forequarters, and large squarish head. The animal got its name from the Australian island state of Tasmania, its native habitat.
It weighs up to 26 pounds. Its length ranges from 20 to 31 inches. it also has a bushy tail that measures approximately half its length. It has whitish breast mark and its coat is always black. In some instances, its sides and rumps are white-marked.
3. The Tiger Quoll
The tiger quoll is also known as the sported-tail quoll. It is a fascinating animal with amazing attributes. On the Australian mainland, the largest remaining carnivorous marsupial is the tiger quoll. In addition to the white spots that are all over its body, the tiger quoll also has a cute, pink nose. Its personality is generally tenacious.
Tiger quolls give birth to joeys. Funnily, newly born joeys are nearly the size of a rice grain. Tiger quolls generally require forests with impressive den sites such as logs, hollow trees, and rock crevices for their habitat.
4. The Bilbies
The bilbies, also known as the rabbit-bandicoots, are marsupial omnivorous that dwell in the desert. They belong to the order Peramelemorphia. Despite the lesser bilby becoming extinct in 1950s, the greater bilby survived but remained an endangered species. Currently, the bilby is listed as a valuable species.
A bilby is averagely 55 cm in length. Its tail is approximately 29 cm long. It has very long ears as well as a long pointy nose. The fur on its body is either white or grey and its etymological name, macrotis, means ‘big-eared’.
Kangaroo is a marsupial that belongs to the family of Macropodidae. They are only found in Australia. They are identified by long pointed ears, muscular tails, large feet, strong back legs, and soft fur. The female kangaroos have pouches with mammary glands that provide a habitat for their young ones until they are mature enough to emerge.
Their family of Macropodidae includes the wallaroos, pademelons, wallabies, quokkas, and the kangaroos themselves. The tree kangaroos are further classified into 12 species. The red kangaroo is actually the largest with a length of 3.25 to 5.25 feet.
Another name for echidnas is anteaters. They belong to the monotreme order of egg-laying mammals and the family of Tachyglossidae. Echidnas and the platypus are the only monotremes of the world.
The two species of echidnas are: the long-beaked echidnas, which are confined to the New Guinea highlands; and the short-beaked echidnas, which are commonly found throughout the lowlands of Guinea and most of the temperate Australia. Due to its quite, recursive nature, the short-beaked echidna is not easily seen in the wild. They are, however, not listed as endangered.
Platypus is commonly referred to as duck-billed platypus. Its scientific name is Ornithorhynchus anatinus. It is a semiaquatic egg-laying mammal that is endemic to eastern Australia. It is among the five motrome extant species. It is the only living representative of the Ornithorhynchidae family and the Ornithorhynchus genus.
However, there are a number of related species that are recorded in the fossil list. It is otter-footed and beaver-tailed. It is also among the few species of the venomous mammals. There is a spur on the hind foot of the male platypus. This spur delivers venom that can cause severe pain to humans.
Wombats are marsupial quadruped with short legs and are native to Australia. They have small, stubby tails and are approximately 1 meter in length. They exist in three extant species all of which are members of the Vombatidae family.
They are habitat tolerant and adaptable, and as such, are found in heathland, forested, and mountainous areas of south-eastern Australia. They dig extensive burrow systems using their powerful claws and rodent-like front teeth. Their backward pouch is one among their distinctive adaptations.
9. Inland Taipan
Not only is inland taipan a venomous snake, but is also considered the most venomous snake ever discovered in the world. Of all the snakes, both on land and in the sea, inland taipan’s venom is the most toxic. Even though it is a capable striker, the serpent is usually reclusive and quite shy.
It normally prefers escaping from trouble but when provoked, prevented from escaping, or mishandled, it will defend itself by striking. In this case, however, it first sends a warning by raising its forebody in a tight, S-shaped curve. At this time, its head faces the threat and if its warning is ignored, it ends up striking the threat.
Dingo is a type of dog with a debated taxonomic status. Being a descendant from the domesticated ancestors, it is considered a feral dog. Despite existing in the wild, the dingo is associated with humans.
However, it has not been selectively bred as has been done to the domesticated animals. Its lean, hardy body is adapted for speed, stamina, and agility. According to the genetic studies, there is a close relationship between a dingo and the New Guinea singing dog.
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