Africa, the cradle land for mankind, is also a home to many animals. Whether it is adorability, cuteness, docility, or hostility that you are looking for in animals, you can never miss these traits in Africa. Why then should I forget to remind you that there is a complete pack of dangerous animals in Africa too! To come up with an incredible list of most dangerous animals, we took several factors into account. Among them is their reaction to humans, their enemies, and predators. Sit back, relax, and journey with us through this far-fetched list of top 10 most dangerous animals in Africa.
I must be kidding… So you say. But, hold on a bit. Yes, you read it correctly. Mosquito. It is the most dangerous animal in Africa. It is responsible for killing over a million Africans each year through the spread of dengue, malaria, and other killer diseases. Most victims of malaria deaths are children below the age of five. The female Anopheles is solely responsible for the spread of malaria. They are most active at dusk and dawn. There are well over 3,500 mosquito species that fly around. They have an average life-span of two weeks.
2. Great White Shark
The encounters of great white shark are indeed very rare. In this rarity, however, there is danger. Whenever they launch an attack, it becomes so serious that it leads to fatalities. Even though some adventure seekers find it easy to dive with great whales, you are highly encouraged to avoid the contact. In the last couple of years a series of attacks by the great whales at the coast of South Africa have been reported to the tune of 200. They tend to attack by propelling themselves at their prey with supersonic speed. Once they have launched the attack, they let go of the prey and the quarry bleeds itself to death before the whale gobbles it up.
3. Puff Adder
The puff adder, botanically known as Bitis arietans, is the deadliest snake in Africa. It is, in essence, responsible for most human mortalities. Its average length is one meter and it has a wide girth. The variation in their colors is dependent on where they live. Except for the deserts and dense rain forests, the habitats of puff adder are spread throughout Africa. They have large fangs and their venom is so powerful that just with a single bite, a puff adder can kill a grown up man. The serpent lies still when approached and has a tendency seek protection through camouflaging. Through this tact, it is easy for people to step on them and they easily respond by biting. Its bite leads to infection and gangrene and if not correctly treated, leads to mortality.
4. African Rhino
Both black and white African rhinos are endangered species that seem to fight for their survival. Their numbers are significantly dropping due to poaching activities. It is, however, needless to say that you still have to keep your guard if you purpose to see one in the wild. They are indeed large mammals and in terms of size, they come second after elephant. An adult white rhino weighs approximately 6,000 lb’s. They are both short-sighted and hot-tempered, making them very dangerous. They tend to charge at full force and use their horns to cause injury or death at the slightest annoyance. Warning: Never get closer to an older male or in between a mother and baby rhino.
5. Cape Buffalo
If there are animals that have been reported to have killed the biggest number of game hunters, it is the cape buffalos. They belong to the category of the Big Five and statistics indicate that they kill approximately 200 people annually. Once they charge, they gore their enemies. Most dangerous of them is an injured buffalo. The Cape buffalos walk in large intimidating herds. More surprising is that even when you use binoculars to view them from a distance, the male ones seemingly star at you with intense hate. These beasts weigh over 700 kg. Not a single lion dares to take a chunk from these fierce beasts.
King lion lives in the protected areas in the entire sub-Saharan Africa save for deserts and forests. Statistics show that most lion attacks on man are encountered in Mozambique and Tanzania. Most human deaths linked to lion attacks tend to be caused by sick lions.
Hippopotamus is more responsible for human deaths in Africa as compared to other large wild animals. Their territories which majorly run along the lakes and the river banks are normally protected by the male hippos. The female hippos as well become very aggressive especially when they see anyone or any animal moving closer to their babies. They possess 20-inch canines that are hosted in their enormous jaws. They are capable of covering 20 miles in a single hour.
Elephants are normally found within protected areas and it is most unlikely that you will bump into them outside the game ranges. The older bulls and young male African elephants tend to be aggressive even without being provoked. To kill their targets, they simply trample on them. They are most aggressive in places where their habitats are threatened likewise to places with intense poaching.
9. Nile Crocodile
Each year, crocodiles claim hundreds of African lives. Most lakes and rivers across the continent of Africa contain crocodiles. Most crocodile-caused fatalities occur when people go collecting food or washing at the lake shores and the river banks. They also tend to attack fishermen as they slide their boats into the water. Crocodiles drag their victims into the water and drown them. Some also roll their bodies in a repeated manner to weaken their prey.
10. Black Mamba
And so you think the animal is black since it is called black mamba? That’s not true. Most of them are brown/olive skinned. When threatened, they show their black, inky mouths. They live in tree hollows, scrub, people’s homes, and savanna. A black mamba can strike up to 12 times when it sports a prey. Each time, it delivers sufficient cardio-toxic and neuro venom that can kill a dozen of men within a single hour. The mortality rate in this case is 100% if the victim fails to get the anti-venom.